AskDefine | Define campus

Dictionary Definition

campus n : a field on which the buildings of a university are situated

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From etyl la campus#Latin
First used in its current sense in reference to Princeton University in the 1770's

Pronunciation

  • a UK /ˈkæm.pʌs/, /"k

Extensive Definition

A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a campus includes libraries, lecture halls, residence halls and park-like settings. The definition currently defines a collection of buildings that belong to a given institution, either academic or non-academic.
The word first was adopted to describe a particular urban space at the College of New Jersey (Princeton University) during the early decades of the eighteenth century. Some other American colleges later adopted the word to describe individual fields at their own institutions, but "campus" did not yet describe the whole university property. A school might have one space called a campus, one called a field, and another called a yard.
The meaning expanded to include the whole institutional property during the twentieth century, with the old meaning persisting into the 1950s in some places. Sometimes the lands on which company office buildings sit, along with the buildings, are called campuses. The Microsoft Campus in Redmond, Washington, as well as hospitals use the term to describe the territory of their facilities. The word "campus" has also been applied to European universities, although most such institutions are characterized by ownership of individual buildings in urban settings rather than park-like lawns in which buildings are placed.
campus in Danish: Campus
campus in German: Campus
campus in Modern Greek (1453-): Πανεπιστημιούπολη
campus in Spanish: Campus
campus in French: Campus
campus in Indonesian: Kampus
campus in Hebrew: קמפוס
campus in Dutch: Campus
campus in Japanese: キャンパス
campus in Norwegian: Campus
campus in Polish: Kampus
campus in Russian: Кампус
campus in Serbian: Кампус
campus in Finnish: Kampus
campus in Swedish: Campus
campus in Turkish: Yerleşke
campus in Chinese: 校园

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

agora, amphitheater, arena, athletic field, auditorium, background, bear garden, bowl, boxing ring, bull ring, canvas, circus, classroom building, cockpit, coliseum, colosseum, course, field, floor, forum, ground, gym, gymnasium, hall, hippodrome, lists, little red schoolhouse, locale, marketplace, mat, milieu, open forum, palaestra, parade ground, pit, place, platform, precinct, prize ring, public square, purlieu, range, ring, scene, scene of action, scenery, school building, schoolhouse, setting, site, sphere, squared circle, stadium, stage, stage set, stage setting, terrain, theater, tilting ground, tiltyard, walk, wrestling ring
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